|担当教員||（Hans-Dieter Bauer）、（Peter Dannenmann）、Jutta Kerpen、（Jochen Rau）|
(3rd, 4th) Microplastics are found in rivers, lakes, the sea and even in human food. In this class, origin of microplastics, analytical methods and resarch results are given.
(5th, 6th) Quantum computing is emerging as one of the key technologies of the 21st century. This course will introduce basic features of quantum physics, as well as some mathematical tools needed to describe them. With their help, the working principle of a quantum computer, of quantum simulation, and of secure quantum communication are explained.
(7th, 8th) Simulation of technical or physical processes is an imprtant means to test and evaluate technical systems before they are built. In this class, we introduce basic principles of simulation technology using state-of-the-art simulation tools that are de-facto standard in industry. Relevant simulation techniques are conveyed using examples from the domains of physics and technology. These examples build on the topics taught in the previous sections of this lecture series.
(3rd, 4th) In this lecture, analytical procedures for the determination of microplastics are explained. Industrial and municipal waste water treatment plants eliminate more than 99 % of microplastics of the influent. Goal of this lecture is to understand where microplastics come from, how it can be analysed and which are the main polluters. Measures for preventing the release of microplastics in the environment are proposed.
(5th, 6th) This lecture aims to raise awareness of the technological potential of quantum physics for computation, simulation, and secure communication. It provides some basic concepts and mathematical tools, and gives an overview of current research topics. The lecture is intended to encourage students to pursue further study in this field.
(7th, 8th) In this lecture, a general overview of simulation techniques is given. Based on this overview, several specific methods used for simulating technical and physical systems (e.g. use of numerical integration techniques or modelling systems that contain feedback loops) are explained. After having attended this course, students are able to implement first simulation models of technical or physical systems by themselves.
|1||9/23 ||－||Photosensitive / photoetchable glass: Micropatterning potential and recent developments towards diffractive optical elements||Photoetchable glasses have found broad interest during the MEMS hype in the 1990s. Nevertheless, there is not a huge variety of applications, due to the material's limited resolution and complicated etching procedure. In recent years, many investigations proofed that the material may be patterned by fs-lasers. Moreover, research is going on to explore the fundamental photochemistry with respect to the generation of diffractive optical structures. The talk gives an overview on this class of materials and presents own experimental results.|
|2||9/23 ||－||Optical in-situ monitoring of the hydrogen desorption process of sodium alanate to develop a hydrogen level sensor for solid-state-based hydrogen storage systems||Complex alanates are a promising alternative for hydrogen storage. During the development of a fill-level sensor, which is based on attenuated total reflection on powder samples, a lot of parameters show influence on the desorption behavior and kinetics. Of course, temperature and pressure are most important, but also nucleation and grain size effects, pelletization procedure and cycling. The talk gives an overview on powder materials for storing hydrogen and shows results of our in-situ parallel measurements (desorbed mass and FTIR-ATR spectrum) measurement method which reveal new insights in the desorption kinetics, the cycling process, and preparation of the tank fill.|
|3||9/24 ||－||Microplastic - Origin and Analytic Procedure in Water and Waste water||The following subjects are explained and discussed: Commercial relevance of plastics, origin of microplastic particles and biodegradibility, sampling and sample preparation, identification of microplastics.|
|4||9/24 ||－||Microplastic - Occurence in Water and Waste water||The following subjects are explained and discussed: results from measurements of bottled water, potable water, municipal waste water and industrial waste water and the impact on human health and ecosystems.|
|5||9/24 ||－||Basic Concepts of Quantum Theory||Experimental evidence for the breakdown of classical theory; reasoning about quantum experiments; mathematical description in Hilbert space; quantum bits and transformations; entanglement|
|6||9/24 ||－||Quantum Computation and Communication||quantum logical gates and circuits; Deutsch algorithm; BB84 quantum key distribution; optimization problems|
|7||9/25 ||－||Basics of Simulation Technology||Overview of simulation techniques; distinction between continuous, quasi-continuous and discrete simulation; system modelling life cycle; modelling principles; dealing with differential equations within simulation models; numierical integration techniques; modelling systems with feedback.|
|8||9/25 ||－||Specific modelling techniques||Developing mathematical models of a specific application problem; methods for implementing the mathematical models in state-of-the-art simulation tools; implementing a simulation model of a physical or technical system.|
|テキスト||(5th, 6th) Leonard Susskind, Quantum Mechanics: The Theoretical Minimum, Penguin
Valerio Scarani, Chua Lynn, Liu Shi Yang, Six Quantum Pieces, World Scientific
(7, 8th) Averill M. Law: Simulation Modeling and Analysis, ISBN-10: 0073401323, ISBN-13: 978-0073401324, McGraw-Hill Science/Engineering/Math; 5th edition, 2014
Francois E. Cellier, Ernesto Kofman: Continuous System Simulation, ISBN-10: 3540389075, ISBN-13: 978-3540389071, ASIN: 0387261028, Springer, 2006
|参考書||(3rd, 4th) Microplastic pollutants, Christopher Blair Crawford and Brian Quinn,Elsevier Science, 2016
(5th, 6th) Nielsen and Chuang, Quantum Computation and Quantum Information, Cambridge University Press
(7, 8th) Harold Klee, Randal Allen: Simulation of Dynamic Systems with MATLAB and Simulink, Second Edition, ISBN-10: 1439836736, ISBN-13: 978-1439836736, CRC Press, 2011
|オフィスアワー||Will not be set up.|
|成績評価の方法と基準||・Evaluated as S, A, B, C, or D
・Evaluated by class particpation and practice